It’s hard not to feel a little surge of excitement when we hear that one of our clients has found old stock certificates in a drawer, or as part of the inheritance from Great Grandma Gertie.
The certificates themselves are beautiful artifacts. They are covered in ornate scrollwork and etchings that illustrate some aspect of the company’s product—from the stagecoaches of the B&O Railroad to the Gerber baby.
And each one is a mystery. Is it worthless paper, or is it worth millions?
As crazy as it sounds, not all stock certificates have the original purchase price on them, and brokerage firms were not required to keep records of the original value (basis) of stocks until 2008. If you want to know how much a stock certificate has appreciated, you’ll have to do some research.
It isn’t as simple as looking at the original price compared to the price today. Companies change over the years. They may be bought or sold, or divided up and incorporated into new entities—all of which can change the value, name, and even the amount of shares you own. All of this may happen on top of normal activities that change the value of a stock—like dividends being paid out, or stock splits and share buybacks.
When we have researched these cases for existing clients, we typically find that when stock certificates lay forgotten for years in an attic, there’s normally a reason. The company may not exist anymore. The stock owner may have forgotten to get new certificates with an adjusted value after a spinoff, and it may just be more trouble than it’s worth. Or as we found out once, the stock could have been an obscure company to start with that spun off into an even more obscure assortment of penny stocks—most of which suddenly stopped reporting to the SEC due to lack of resources. Not a good sign for your investment.
Even blue chip stocks are not immune: take Kodak for example. Despite being an industry leader for decades, the company failed to innovate as digital cameras rose in popularity. Kodak went bankrupt in 2013, was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), and for years it traded for pennies on the OTC exchanges. It was recently re-listed on the NYSE—but even if you were a true believer in Kodak and held on through the tough years, you would not have been rewarded. After Kodak emerged from bankruptcy, all of the old shares were cancelled.
This is just one story of many—remember Blockbuster, Time Warner, and Lehman Brothers? There is no way to predict who will survive the test of time. This is even more true for obscure old companies on those old stock certificates in the attic.
As fun as it is for research nerds like us to research old stock certificates and figure out how a company evolved over time, time and time again it proves the risk of individual stock picking. This is why we rely on factors within our control, like low costs, rebalancing, tax efficiency, and diversification to create portfolios that are not dependent on any one holding, but instead protect investors for a wide variety of potential scenarios.
This is not to say stock certificates are completely worthless. You may find out a lot of interesting tidbits along the way—and the certificate’s value as a collectible may end up being worth far more than the stock it represents. Take this 1887 certificate from the Chadborn & Coldwell Manufacturing Co., with an engraving of a boy mowing the lawn. This is the company that would eventually become Toro, a $6.7 billion company that now provides outdoor equipment in over 90 countries. Some certificates even have historical significance—like this 1860 bond for the “Payment of Expenses Incurred in the Suppression of Indian Hostilities,” now worth nearly $3000. If you are interested in this, Scripophily.com has a fascinating collection of rare and unusual stock certificates, and includes in detail the story behind each rare certificate.
If you find an old stock certificate and you're wondering if it's worth anything, the best thing to do is to consult a transfer agent. These are companies that perform administrative tasks for stock certificates, including transferring ownership and paying out interest or dividends, We do not endorse any particular transfer agent but three of the biggest ones are Computershare, BNY Mellon and American Stock & Transfer Trust.
The old stock certificates in your attic may or may not be worth much as an investment. But if you discover an interesting story or historic artifact, it may just be priceless!
IMPORTANT DISCLOSURE INFORMATION
Please remember that past performance may not be indicative of future results. Different types of investments involve varying degrees of risk, and there can be no assurance that the future performance of any specific investment, investment strategy, or product (including the investments and/or investment strategies recommended or undertaken by Halpern Financial, Inc.), or any non-investment related content, made reference to directly or indirectly in this blog will be profitable, equal any corresponding indicated historical performance level(s), be suitable for your portfolio or individual situation, or prove successful. Due to various factors, including changing market conditions and/or applicable laws, the content may no longer be reflective of current opinions or positions. Moreover, you should not assume that any discussion or information contained in this blog serves as the receipt of, or as a substitute for, personalized investment advice from Halpern Financial, Inc. To the extent that a reader has any questions regarding the applicability of any specific issue discussed above to his/her individual situation, he/she is encouraged to consult with the professional advisor of his/her choosing. Halpern Financial, Inc. is neither a law firm nor a certified public accounting firm and no portion of the blog content should be construed as legal or accounting advice. A copy of the Halpern Financial, Inc.’s current written disclosure statement discussing our advisory services and fees is available for review upon request.